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Thursday, November 19, 2020 | History

2 edition of Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities found in the catalog.

Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities

M. W. Fletcher

Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service in Cincinnati, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Refuse and refuse disposal.,
  • Air -- Microbiology.,
  • Viruses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby M.W. Fletcher and D.E. Fiscus.
    SeriesResearch reporting series. 2. Environmental protection technology -- EPA-600/2-79-131., Research reporting series -- EPA-600/2-79-131.
    ContributionsFiscus, D. E., Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City, Mo.), Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvii, 82 p. :
    Number of Pages82
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL17822630M

    TANA’s mobile disc screens are capable of screening almost any material, and they are particularly good for waste processing. Applications for disc screens are almost limitless: woods, municipal solid waste (MSW), industrial wastes or commercial wastes, compost, ashes, metals, refuse-derived fuel (RDF), car fluff, tires, aggregates and so. Waste generation by human societies is not new. “Since humans have inhabited the earth they have generated, produced, manufactured, excreted, secreted, discarded, and otherwise disposed of all manner of wastes” (Meliosi,, p.1).Working to devise methods for dealing with their societies’ wastes has occupied humans since the beginning of civilization and the creation of by: 9. BioCycle November , Vol. 48, No. 11, p. 44 There have been significant contributions to the literature on composting operations in the past decade. Most address on-site investigations relevant to worker health. Ellen Z. Harrison OVER THE years, there have been concerns related to worker and neighbor health due to airborne particles emitted from composting.   This study was designed to determine the effect of sampling up to 6 h on the viability (measured by culture) of airborne fungi and bacteria at composting facilities. Six side-by-side samples were collected in two locations at each of three composting facilities for Cited by:

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of two municipal landfills on the microbiological air quality in offices on landfill sites. The evaluation was based on the concentration levels of airborne bacteria and fungi and the identification of isolated strains. Air samples were collected with a six-stage Andersen impactor. The concentrations of bacterial aerosol ranged from Cited by:


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Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities by M. W. Fletcher Download PDF EPUB FB2

Municipal Environmental Research EPA Laboratory August Cincinnati OH &ER& Analysis of Airborne Viable Bacteria at Solid Waste Processing ilities RESEARCH REPORTING SERIES Research reports of the Office of Research and Development, U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency, have been grouped into nine series. Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities. Cincinnati: Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, U.S.

Environmental Protection Agency ; Springfield, Va.: Available to the public through the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type. Analysis of airborne viable bacteria at solid waste processing facilities / By M.

Fletcher, D. Fiscus, Municipal Environmental Research Laboratory. and Mo.) Midwest Research Institute (Kansas City. DUST AND AIRBORNE BACTERIA AT SOLID WASTE PROCESSING PLANTS Municipal solid waste (MSW) has for years been collected by the familiar "garbage truck" and hauled to sanitary landfills.

Occasionally waste transfer stations are used where MSW from small collection trucks is unloaded and then reloaded into larger trucks for transport over long distances to a landfill. BIoAerosol monItorIng In wAste mAnAgement e n VI ronment A l I ssues of H e A lt H C on C isms and toxins associated with their metabolism ern or cell structure [5].

Such elements may become airborne by adhering to dust particles during waste processing and recovery. The assessment of the de-gree of contamination and associated level of risk isCited by: Airborne microorganisms were monitored at seven different composting facilities with different operating systems and treating a range of organic wastes.

Aspergillus fumigatus and mesophilic bacteria were used as the principal monitoring parameters. Airborne fungi, Waste sorting facility, Filter based bioaerosol sampling, Surface air system method, Working environment, Plastics Grant No.

entitled “Methods for detection of microscopic fungi in working environment of waste treatment facilities” supported by Grant Agency of the. Occupational exposure of workers to airborne microorganisms and volatile organic compounds (VOC) in different types of waste treatment situations was examined during summer time.

Microorganisms were collected as stationary samples using a six-stage Andersen impactor, while for VOCs both personal and stationary sampling was conducted. Isolation and characterization of bacteria isolated from municipal solid waste for production of industrial enzymes and waste degradation.

J Microbiol Exp. ;1(1)‒ DOI: /jmen MC (%) = W − wwX Where, MC is moisture content, W is the original weight and w is the constant weight after oven drying. Environmental Viable Airborne Particle Testing Program­ In aseptic processing, one of the most important laboratory controls is throughout the entire sterile manufacturing facility Environmental monitoring data will provide information on the quality of the manufacturing.

Betelli et al. developed a system for monitoring Thermoactinomyces vulgaris as a basis for a standardized method for quantifying worker exposure to bioaerosols at composting facilities.

To evaluate the exposure and the dispersal of composting bioaerosols, it is necessary to know their background concentrations in air from unaffected by: A dataset derived from repeated and replicated field studies over a period of two years at two commercial composting facilities is presented.

The data characterises patterns in Aspergillus fumigatus, actinomycetes, Gram-negative bacteria and endotoxin emission Cited by:   A special focus has been placed on microbial air surveillance; in fact, it has been demonstrated that periprosthetic infection rates correlate with the number of airborne bacteria within the wound and that, in hospital environments, the use of air filtration through a HEPA system completely eliminated invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in immune-compromised by: In economical terms, landfilling is the main method of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposal in the world.

However, the simplicity in the management of landfill facilities may derive in secondary pollution of ambient air, subsoil and groundwater, linked to leachate, gas Cited by: Fact Sheet BIOAEROSOLS IN COMPOSTING OPERATIONS An aerosol consists of particles small enough to be suspended in the air and remain airborne.

These particles are generally between µm (1/ mm) to µm in diameter. There is particulate material in every breath taken and in healthy people the respiratory system (Figure 1) is.

Full text of "Bioaerosols from composting facilities--a other formats CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY REVIEW ARTICLE published: 04 April doi: /fcimb Bioaerosols from composting facilities — a review Nathalie Wery* INRA, UR, Laboratoire de Biotechnologie de rEnvironnement, Narbonne, France Edited by: Alain.

This practice covers sampling of airborne microorganisms at municipal solid-waste processing facilities, hereafter referred to as facilities. Investigators should consult Practice D for the general principles of conducting an air-sampling program.

Bacteria, endotoxin, and organic dust are the major airborne contaminants in swine CAFOs, and culturable airborne bacterial levels as high as CFU/m3 have been reported.

The cotton textile, vegetable- and seed-processing, machining, and forest products industries and slaughterhouse facilities are environments with moderate concentrations of Cited by: Sanitation | June/July Airborne Contamination: A Microbiologist’s Perspective.

By Jeffrey L. Kornacki, Ph.D. The role of airborne contamination of processed foods is controversial and fraught with contradictory opinions.[1,2} Some feel that airborne contamination of foods is of great public health significance, whereas others feel it is of little importance.

The remaining solid waste are collected by the municipality is dumped in open spaces or non-roadsides outsiders the city. Solid waste management failure in Bangalore during cause Solid waste dumping crisis in cities and its impacts are pathogenic Bioaerosole mission, deterioration of air.

− organics processing facilities that incorporate a biol ogical processing stage (e.g. mechanical–biological treatment (MBT) of municipal solid waste).

• Facilities that utilise a biological processing stag e on a larger than domestic scale but that are not required to. Aims: We assessed the levels of airborne bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria (GNB), and fungi in six hospital lobbies, and investigated the environmental and hospital characteristics that affected the airborne microorganism levels.

Methods: An Andersen single-stage sampler equipped with appropriate nutrition plate agar was used to collect the by:   Sampling. Three composting plants located in the Piedmont region were studied. The two plants hereafter referred to as plants 1 and 2 were sited in the same area but, as they carried out composting processes of different raw materials, were considered as distinct ().Plant 1 treated only the organic fractions of municipal solid waste (MSW) whereas plant 2 treated unsorted by: Common risks Sewage contains hundreds of known viruses, bacteria, protozoa and parasites.

But some of WOSSA’s finding were a bit surprising. “We found viable MRSA bacteria — a staph infection resistant to antibiotics — in liquid sampling,” says Thomas. One worker was hospitalized for a week with a MRSA infection of his face and sinuses.

This chapter presents various bioaerosol sampling and analysis methods to facilitate the selection of instrumentation and techniques. The principles of bioaerosol sampling are presented, followed by a review of sampling methods and techniques currently available, including the results of performance evaluations of the various sampler by: Figure 3 and Figure 4 present the analysis of the numbers and aerodynamic diameters of viable bacteria collected from the different stages of the impactor in the waste sorting plant and outside the building.

It can be seen that the size distributions of the bacterial aerosols, both in the indoor and the outdoor air, were characterized by a Cited by: 4. About the Book Waste management is a global problem that continues to increase with rapid industrialization, population growth, and economic development.

As the world hurtles towards the urban future, the amount of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) is growing very fast. A comparison of the potential risks to human health from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration and landfill on a generic basis is attempted.

For this purpose a 'worst case' approach is adopted and a number of assumptions regarding the size and activities of each waste disposal method are made. The airborne pollutants measured for an incinerator are different from those for a landfill Cited by:   In response to reported outbreaks of Legionnaires’ disease near a biological waste treatment plant, Legionella-containing aerosols were characterized at this location.

Culturable bacteria-containing particles were assessed with slit-to-agar samplers and liquid impingement. Results showed that the air at this location contained a higher level of airborne Legionella particles compared to that Cited by: Solid Waste Any unwanted product which is not a liquid or gas in our surroundings and from our daily products.

Types. Type of solid waste: mining waste (including oil and gas production) - the largest amount by volume agriculture waste (including food processing waste, but not household food waste).

Hazardous waste treatment technologies can be placed into broad four categories: Since oxygen is toxic to methanogenic bacteria the waste has to be kept anoxic. International Directory of Solid Waste Management, /99 Yearbook. Copenhagen: International Solid. Standards for Inclusion in ASTM Standards on Materials and Environmental Microbiology (March ) Standard Number Title Practice for Enumeration of Viable Bacteria and Fungi in Liquid Fuels--Filtration and Culture Procedures E Practice for Sampling Airborne Microorganisms at Municipal Solid-Waste Processing Facilities.

@article{osti_, title = {Cyclones in waste-to-energy production facilities}, author = {Stessel, R I and Peirce, J J}, abstractNote = {The cyclone as a unit operation for processing airborne material in a waste-to-energy production facility is studied. The theories of cyclone design and operation are reviewed.

Applications and modifications of the theories as appropriate to municipal. Long-term sampling of airborne bacteria and fungi into a non-evaporating liquid Long-term sampling of airborne bacteria and fungi into a non-evaporating liquid Lin, Xuejun; A.

Reponen, Tiina; Willeke, Klaus; Grinshpun, Sergey A.; Foarde, Karin K.; Ensor, David S. Conventional sampling of bioaerosols into liquid impingers can only be performed with water or another low.

This practice covers sampling of airborne microorgan-isms at municipal solid-waste processing facilities, hereafter referred to as facilities. Investigators should consult Practice D for the general principles of conducting an air-sampling program.

This practice applies only to sampling airborne bacteria and fungi, not viruses. Even seemingly benign facilities, like composting operations, can pose a significant threat as illustrated by a Cornell University report showing that the bacteria, fungi and other airborne pathogens released from yard waste facilities can affect the health of those living a third of a mile distant.

This is but a small sampling of the extensive. Blatny, J. et al. Airborne Legionella bacteria from pulp waste treatment plant: aerosol particles characterized as aggregates and their potential hazard.

Aerobiolo Cited by: 1. Label plates with name, date, section, seat number, inoculum, medium, 2. Create Serial Dilution (use aseptic technique) 3. add ul of a dilution or dilution on plate. composting are generally acknowledged as viable options to meet solid waste reduction goals (Recycling Council of Canada).

Although composting has wide public appeal, and produces marketable product from organic wastes, insufficient attention has been focused on the exposures to airborne biohazards to workers.

Several direct field investigations were discussed. As early asstudies concluded that viable bacteria in wastewater could be aerosolized, thus contaminating the air. However, other studies suggested that the number of airborne bacteria emitted from wastewater sources was insignificant and posed no threat to health.

Municipal solid waste management (MSWM) has become one of the significant environmental issues, particularly in developing countries.

Bengaluru, the state capital of Karnataka, is one of the fastest growing cities in Asia. The Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike (BBMP) with an area of km2 and a population of about million generates around metric tons per day of solid waste at an.The Effect of Green Waste Composting on the Concentration and Composition of Ambient Bioaerosols.

Evaluation of bioaerosols in a municipal solid waste recycling and composting plant, Size relationship between airborne viable bacteria and particles in a controlled indoor environment study, Author: Louise J. Pankhurst.ASD # -- Protection of the vehicle cab environment against bacteria, fungi and endotoxins in composting facilities.

Authors: Schlosser*, A. Huyard, D. Rybacki, Quang SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT, CIRSEE, Analysis & Health Division, 38 rue du President Wilson, Le Pecq, France Journal: Waste Management 32 () YEAR: ABSTRACT.